Radio stations in African countries can be categorized into three main areas: public, commercial, and community. The management of these radio stations is subject to each region's preferred methods. The Atlantic Relay Station is the official broadcasting station of Ascension Island, installed in Radio Centrafrique is the state broadcaster of Central African Republic.
All totaled, there are two partly private and one private radio station.
Radio Mauritanie is the state broadcaster of Mauritania, which owns:. It owns:. ZBC is the state broadcaster of Zimbabwe and operates six radio networks. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. See also: Media of Algeria. See also: Media of Angola. Ecclesia FM - See also: Media of Burundi. See also: List of radio stations in Cape Verde.Lg m327 phone
See also: Media of the Central African Republic. Radio Comores. Africa No. Main article: List of radio stations in Egypt. Radio Nacional Guinea Ecuatorial. See also: Media in Ethiopia. See also: Lists of radio stations in Ghana.Nyege za mkundu
See also: Media of Guinea-Bissau.To download a pdf version of the full Togo country profile, click here. Of the Togolese population The Government is playing a key role in improving access to finance. The FNFI offers three core credit products targeted at the poor, farmers and youth.
It is is also taking the lead with major reforms to improve the sector. Previously these fees and taxes accounted for 4 percent of the land value. Despite these laudable initiaitives, there remain some concerns to be tackled to improve housing affordability that include security of land ownership, access to housing finance, effective planning and sustainable development of urban areas.
Effective water and electricity networks for domestic use are also needed. Find out more information on the housing finance sector of Togo, including key stakeholders, important policies and housing affordability:. The profile above is from the edition, which has up-to-date profiles for 55 African countries. It is classified as a developing country. The annual population growth in was estimated at 2.
Real GDP growth was positive, with an average of 5. The inflation rate is estimated at 1. The Togolese government has started a series of reforms of the land sector, due to demographic pressure. In addition, local authorities began the modernisation of cadastral services and land conservation. The objectives are to digitise land titles and reduce time of each registration procedure. As result, Togo has gone from nd to the th place on the indicator for registering a property in the World Bank Ease of Doing Business report.Root with pc
Those recent political development should allow the government to focus on the Plan National de development PND launched in April This five-year development programme covering is built around: 1 investment in a logistic hub of excellence and modern business centre with the latest technological innovations; 2 industrial development of value-added and export-oriented products agribusiness ; and 3 strengthening social development.
Social development also means affordable solutions for housing demand. Several projects are in the pipeline, covering housing finance and affordable housing access for ordinary Togolese. Country profile. The World Bank Economy Profile: Togo.
Togo Economic Outlook. According to a Finscope study, 60 percent of Togolese adults have access to financial services. Two financial intermediairies also operate in the country. The five largest banks hold 75 percent of the market. Togolese have different levels of access to financial service depending on whether they live in urban or rural areas.
Overall, 18 percent of Togolese adults have access to bank services; in urban areas, 20 percent have access to financial services versus 10 percent in rural areas.
Savings and credit products are the main two financial services. According to FinScope Togothe most common reason for borrowing is to start or expand a business. Housing finance is ranked fourth, after medical or emergency needs.
Mortgages are hard to obtain.The following table is experimental and not an official forecast product. Bias correction values and selected ZR relationships are valid for the entire NEXRAD coverage area and are not necessarily valid for individual spot locations. Experimental products may not always update in a timely manner and may be discontinued at a future date. Experimental products may not always reflect accurate, quality controlled information and should be used with caution.
Parameters that can be varied at each radar site are those shown in red. Often times stratiform rain events have a reflectivity signal strength of dBZ.How to increase plant utilization capsim
Convective rain events can often range from dBZ. Refer to Section 7. The bias correction factor can only be computed if there are at least 10 gage-radar pairs with both values 0. Sometimes, data has to be searched back several hours to find at least 10 such pairs. The actual number of pairs used in computing this bias factor is shown following the sign.
The number of hours searched is shown preceding the bias factor. Values over 1.
ZR Relationship Table
Values under 1. This may seem counter-intuitive. To get the radar estimates to verify well with the gage values, the radar estimates would have to be multiplied by this bias factor shown for each radar. Any cells with a yellow background under the "Last Reported" column indicate that the latest report is not up-to-date perhaps the radar is down for maintenance. Please Contact Us. Please try another search.
Multiple locations were found. Please select one of the following:. Location Help.The executable program that interprets packages and installs products is Msiexec. Note that Msiexec also sets an error level on return that corresponds to system error codes. Command-line options are case-insensitive.
The command-line options in the following table are available with Windows Installer 3. Only public properties can be modified using the command line. All property names on the command line are interpreted as uppercase but the value retains case sensitivity.
For more information, see About Properties. You can put the property anywhere except between an option and its argument. Property values that are literal strings must be enclosed in quotation marks. Include any white spaces in the string between the marks. For sections of text set apart by literal quotation marks, enclose the section with a second pair of quotation marks. The following example shows you how to install a new instance of a product to be advertised. This product is authored to support multiple instance transforms.
The Pokémon of the Galar region
The following example shows how to patch an instance of a product that is installed using multiple instance transforms. In this case, you can apply patches to a product as follows.
Skip to main content. Contents Exit focus mode. This option ignores any property values entered on the command line. The default argument list for this option is 'omus. Do not use the v reinstall option for the first installation of an application or feature. Installs a product on the network. The path to the logfile location must already exist.
The installer does not create the directory structure for the logfile. Flags indicate which information to log.
If no flags are specified, the default is 'iwearmo. Windows Installer 2. The x option is available with Windows Installer version 3. Note] The length of filename must be no more than eight characters. Generates an SMS status. Must be used with either the install -iremove -xadministrative installation -aor reinstall -f options. Use qb! The modal box is not displayed if the user cancels the installation.
Use qb-! Note that the! It is not valid with full UI. Specify the full path to the DLL. DLL This option is only used for registry information that cannot be added using the registry tables of the. DLL This option is only used for registry information that cannot be removed using the registry tables of the.
Used to identify an instance installed using the multiple instance support through a product code changing transforms. Note that switches are not case-sensitive.Regional Italian Italian : italiano regionale is any regional [note 1] variety of the Italian language.
Such vernacular varieties and standard Italian exist along a sociolect continuum, and are not to be confused with the local indigenous languages of Italy [note 2] that predate the national tongue or any regional variety thereof. The various forms of Regional Italian have phonological, morphologicalsyntacticprosodic and lexical features which originate from the underlying substrate of the original language. The various TuscanCorsican and Central Italian dialects are, to some extent, the closest ones to Standard Italian in terms of linguistic features, since the latter is based on a somewhat polished form of Florentine.
The same relationship holds throughout the rest of Italy: the local version of standard Italian is usually influenced by the underlying local language, which can be very different from Italian with regard to phonologymorphologysyntaxand vocabulary. Anyone who knows Standard Italian well can usually understand Regional Italian quite well, while not managing to grasp the regional languages.
Many contemporary Italian regions already had different substrata before the conquest of Italy and the islands by the ancient Romans: Northern Italy had a Liguriana Veneticand a Celtic substratum in the areas once known as Gallia Cisalpina "Gallia on this side of the Alps"; Central Italy had an Umbrian and Etruscan substratum; Southern Italy and Sicily had an Oscan and Italic - Greek substratum respectively; and finally, Sardinia had an indigenous Nuragic and Punic substratum.
These languages in their respective territories contributed in creolising Latin, the official language of the Roman Empire. Even though the Sicilian Schoolusing the Sicilian languagehad been prominent earlier, by the 14th century the Tuscan dialect of Florence had gained prestige once Dante AlighieriFrancesco Petrarca Petrarch and Giovanni Boccaccio all wrote major works in it: the Divina Commediathe Canzoniere and the Decameron.
Italian, defined as such, began to spread and be used as a literary and prestigious means of expression across the whole peninsula, Sicily and Corsica in the late Middle Ages ; on the other hand, it would be introduced to Sardinia by a specific order only in the second half of the 18th centurywhen the island's ownership passed over to the House of Savoy.
It was up to Pietro Bemboa Venetian, to identify Florentine as the language for the peninsula in the Prose nelle quali si ragiona della volgar linguain which he set up Petrarch as the perfect model.
Italian, however, was a literary language and so was a written rather than spoken language, except in Tuscany and Corsica. The popular diffusion of a unified Italian language was the main goal of Alessandro Manzoniwho advocated for a single national language mainly derived from Florence's vernacular, with Lombard and Venetian inputs.
Having lived in Paris for many years, Manzoni had noticed that French defined as the capital's dialect was a very lively language, spoken by ordinary people in the city's streets.
On the other hand, the only Italian city where even the commoners spoke something similar to literary Italian was Florence, so he thought that Italians should choose Florentine as the basis for the national language. The Italian Peninsula's history of fragmentation and colonization by foreign powers especially FranceSpain and Austria-Hungary between the fall of the Western Roman Empire and its unification in played a considerable role in further jeopardizing the linguistic situation. When the unification process took place, the newly founded country used Italian mainly as a literary language.
Many Romance and non-Romance regional languages were spoken throughout the Italian Peninsula and the islands, each with their own local dialects.
Following Italian unification Massimo Taparelli, marquis d'Azeglioone of Cavour's ministers, is said to have stated that while Italy had been created, Italians were still to be created that is, a common national identity.
Italian as a spoken language was born in two "linguistic labs"  consisting of the metropolitan areas in Milan and Romewhich functioned as magnets for internal migration. Immigrants were only left with the national language as a lingua franca to communicate with both the locals and other immigrants. After unification, Italian started to be taught at primary schools and its use by ordinary people increased considerably, along with mass literacy. The regional varieties of Italian, as a product of standard Italian mixing with the regional languages, were also born.
The various regional languages would be retained by the population as their normal means of expression until the s, when breakthroughs in literacy and the advent of TV broadcasting made Italian become more and more widespread, usually in its regional varieties.
The solution to the so-called language question, which concerned Manzoni, came to the nation as a whole in the second half of the 20th century by televisionas its widespread adoption as a popular household appliance in Italy was the main factor in helping all Italians learn the common national language regardless of class or education level.
At roughly the same time, many southerners moved to the north to find jobs. The powerful trade unions successfully campaigned against the use of dialects to maintain unity among the workers. The use of Standard Italian helped the southerners, whose "dialects" were not mutually intelligible with those of northerners, assimilate.
The large number of mixed marriages, especially in large industrial cities such as Milan and Turinresulted in a generation that could speak only Standard Italian and usually only partly understand their parents' "dialects". Primarily within North American Italian diaspora communities, Italian dialects that have nearly died out in Italy have been preserved in several major cities across AustraliaCanada and the United States.
That is due, in large part, to older-generation immigrants, often with low levels of education, having left Italy during or before World War II and maintaining little contact with either Italy or Standard Italian.
A significant number of endangered dialects have survived, passed on from one generation to another to varying degrees. They have kept innumerable archaisms as well as adopted linguistic features and lexical borrowings from American EnglishCanadian EnglishCanadian Frenchand Latin American Spanishrespective to the milieu of the individual community in question.Also, the! Currently-active category-filter: All. Notice: If you click on the video above, you will leave this site. First Partner Grookey Scorbunny Sobble.
Legendary Zacian Zamazenta. Home Currently-active category-filter: All. Load more. Expansion Pass early-purchase bonus! The Isle of Armor. New adventuring features. The Crown Tundra. Get ready to take part in the Galarian Star Tournament! Kicking off the Gigantamax Festival! It's time to prepare for an adventure! Introducing new G-Max Moves! New designs have been added for League Cards! Gigantamax Toxtricity has been newly discovered!
Use Y-Comm Like a Pro! Gigantamax Snorlax has been discovered! New details emerge about Zacian and Zamazenta! Announcing the very first Online Competition: Galar Beginnings! Handy features to help you on your adventure! The Glimwood Tangle Galarian research summary is here!
Galarian form Ponyta has been discovered. Put on your favorite clothes, get a new hairdo, and set out on your adventure in style. Make your very own unique League Card. Meet Team Yell—the troublemakers that cheer for Marnie. Version Exclusives. Strive to become the next Champion of the Galar region! Meet Leon, the strongest Trainer in the Galar region. See the many faces of the Wild Area!Data Portal. View More. The ADF contributes to poverty reduction and economic and social development in the least developed African countries by providing concessional funding for projects and programs, as well as technical assistance for studies and capacity-building activities.
In effect, under the DAI Policy, all information held by the Bank will be made public unless there is a compelling reason for confidentiality. It further reinforces the presumption of disclosure through a right of appeal. Skip to main content.Factorytalk view se alarm log viewer
Find out. The Coding for Employment program opens doors to digital jobs for African women and youth. Niger: the African Development Bank enhances food security for nine million people report.
Tanzania: African Development Bank project tripled incomes of rural producers and traders. View all. African education experts push for more virtual learning to cushion against pandemics - ADEA webinar.
Road to Annual Meetings. Data Portal View More. In Focus. African Development Fund The ADF contributes to poverty reduction and economic and social development in the least developed African countries by providing concessional funding for projects and programs, as well as technical assistance for studies and capacity-building activities. Disclosure and Access to Information In effect, under the DAI Policy, all information held by the Bank will be made public unless there is a compelling reason for confidentiality.
African Economic Outlook Annual Report AfDB Financial Report Feed Africa. Industrialize Africa. Integrate Africa.
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